Pathology tests

We use a variety of techniques to look at different cells, tissues and bodily functions so we can understand your condition and help plan the best care for you.

What is a pathology test?

Pathology tests look at cells and tissues or the structure and function of organs in your body to investigate disease. We use pathology tests to diagnose symptoms, assess your condition and evaluate how well treatments are working to help us plan care that’s personalised to you. 

Pathology tests can involve taking a tissue sample and examining it in a lab, using tiny cameras to visualise the inside of your body or studying how well a particular organ or system is working. 

Within our network of state-of-the-art centres, we offer a comprehensive pathology service covering many different specialties, including breast, prostate and gynaecology. We use the latest proven screening and diagnostic techniques, conducted by experienced clinicians. 

You can read more about the pathology tests available at GenesisCare below. 


What is a biopsy?

During a biopsy, a needle is inserted into your tissues and extracts cells for analysis. It’s used to investigate abnormal cells in areas of suspected cancer, for example a lump in the breast, and is a useful tool for diagnosing cancers.

Common types of biopsy

Biopsy for prostate cancer

If you have suspected prostate cancer, you may have a prostate biopsy in order to obtain a sample of cells from your prostate for further investigation in a lab.

Biopsy for blood cancers

If you have suspected blood cancer, your consultant may take a small sample of bone marrow, usually from your pelvis (hip bone), for further analysis. Bone marrow tests are useful for diagnosing leukaemia, myeloma and lymphoma. There are two types of bone marrow test:

Blood test

What is a blood test?  

A blood test is a collection of laboratory experiments on a sample of your blood to look for infections, analyse levels of circulating proteins, hormones and other substances, or to see if certain organs are functioning properly 


During a colposcopy, a device called a speculum is placed within your vagina and gently opened so that your doctor can investigate abnormal cells in the cervix. It’s often performed after your results have come back from a routine cervical screening showing abnormal cells. 


What is a cystoscopy 

A cystoscopy is a test where a thin camera, known as a cystoscope, is passed along your urethra to inspect the inside of the bladder. Cystoscopies are helpful for finding out the causes of bladder symptoms, can be used alongside a biopsy, or can help deliver treatment.

Types of cystoscopy

Genetic testing

What is genetic testing 

A genetic test involves analysing your DNA analysis to see if you are inherited any harmful genetic faults, known as mutations, which can increase your risk of certain cancers. Your doctor may recommend testing either one of your BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes if you have a family history of breast and ovarian cancer 

Smear test

What is a smear test 

smear test helps identify any cells that are susceptible to becoming cancerous. A sterile plastic brush is used to remove cells from inside your cervix and these will then be analysed further under a microscope.   

Urine cytology tests

What are urine cytology tests 

Urine cytology tests are collection of laboratory experiments that look for abnormal cells in a sample of your urine. They’re useful for diagnosing cancers in the urinary tract such as the bladder, urethra or ureters 

Urodynamic studies

What are urodynamic studies 

Urodynamic studies (UDSs) are a collection of tests which investigate how well your bladder, sphincter and urethra can hold and release urine. They’re helpful for finding out the causes for a range of bladder symptoms and can to help diagnose an enlarged prostateThese kinds of tests can be called a bladder scan or urinary flow analysis.  


Little Aston Hall Drive, Sutton Coldfield, B74 3BF

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300 Park Avenue, Aztec West, Bristol, BS32 4SY

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Fordham Rd, Newmarket CB8 7XN, UK

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Springfield Cancer Centre, Lawn Lane, Chelmsford, CM1 7GU

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